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中华人民共和国商标法(修正)(附英文)

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中华人民共和国商标法(修正)(附英文)
【颁布单位】全国人民代表大会常务委员会
【颁布日期】 19930222
【实施日期】 19930301
【内容分类】工业、知识产权法

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中华人民共和国商标法(修正)
(1982年8月23日第五届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十四次会议通
过 根据1993年2月22日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议《
关于修改<中华人民共和国商标法>的决定》修正)

目 录

第一章 总 则
第二章 商标注册的申请
第三章 商标注册的审查和核准
第四章 注册商标的续展、转让和使用许可
第五章 注册商标争议的裁定
第六章 商标使用的管理
第七章 注册商标专用权的保护
第八章 附 则

第一章 总 则
第一条 为了加强商标管理,保护商标专用权,促使生产者保证商品质量和维护
商标信誉,以保障消费者的利益,促进社会主义商品经济的发展,特制定本法。
第二条 国务院工商行政管理部门商标局主管全国商标注册和管理的工作。
第三条 经商标局核准注册的商标为注册商标,商标注册人享有商标专用权,受
法律保护。
第四条 企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其生产、制造、加工、拣选或者经
销的商品,需要取得商标专用权的,应当向商标局申请商品商标注册。
企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其提供的服务项目,需要取得商标专用权的
,应当向商标局申请服务商标注册。
本法有关商品商标的规定,适用于服务商标。
第五条 国家规定必须使用注册商标的商品,必须申请商标注册,未经核准注册
的,不得在市场销售。
第六条 商标使用人应当对其使用商标的商品质量负责。各级工商行政管理部门
应当通过商标管理,监督商品质量,制止欺骗消费者的行为。
第七条 商标使用的文学、图形或者其组合,应当有显著特征,便于识别。使用
注册商标的,并应当标明“注册商标”或者注册标记。
第八条 商标不得使用下列文字、图形:
(1)同中华人民共和国的国家名称、国旗、国徽、军旗、勋章相同或者近似的;

(2)同外国的国家名称、国旗、国徽、军旗相同或者近似的;
(3)同政府间国际组织的旗帜、徽记、名称相同或者近似的;
(4)同“红十字”、“红新月”的标志、名称相同或者近似的;
(5)本商品的通用名称和图形;
(6)直接表示商品的质量、主要原料、功能、用途、重量、数量及其他特点的

(7)带有民族歧视性的;
(8)夸大宣传并带有欺骗性的;
(9)有害于社会主义道德风尚或者有其他不良影响的。
县级以上行政区划的地名或者公众知晓的外国地名,不得作为商标,但是,地名
具有其他含义的除外;已经注册的使用地名的商标继续有效。
第九条 外国人或者外国企业在中国申请商标注册的,应当按其所属国和中华人
民共和国签订的协议或者共同参加的国际条约办理,或者按对等原则办理。
第十条 外国人或者外国企业在中国申请商标注册和办理其他商标事宜的,应当
委托国家指定的组织代理。

第二章 商标注册的申请
第十一条 申请商标注册的,应当按规定的商品分类表填报使用商标的商品类别
和商品名称。
第十二条 同一申请人在不同类别的商品上使用同一商标的,应当按商品分类表
提出注册申请。
第十三条 注册商标需要在同一类的其他商品上使用的,应当另行提出注册申请

第十四条 注册商标需要改变文字、图形的,应当重新提出注册申请。
第十五条 注册商标需要变更注册人的名义、地址或者其他注册事项的,应当提
出变更申请。

第三章 商标注册的审查和核准
第十六条 申请注册的商标,凡符合本法有关规定的,由商标局初步审定,予以
公告。
第十七条 申请注册的商标,凡不符合本法有关规定或者同他人在同一种商品或
者类似商品上已经注册的或者初步审定的商标相同或者近似的,由商标局驳回申请,
不予公告。
第十八条 两个或者两个以上的申请人,在同一种商品或者类似商品上,以相同
或者近似的商标申请注册的,初步审定并公告申请在先的商标;同一天申请的,初步
审定并公告使用在先的商标,驳回其他人的申请,不予公告。
第十九条 对初步审定的商标,自公告之日起三个月内,任何人均可以提出异议
。无异议或者经裁定异议不能成立的,始予核准注册,发给商标注册证,并予公告;
经裁定异议成立的,不予核准注册。
第二十条 国务院工商行政管理部门设立商标评审委员会,负责处理商标争议事
宜。
第二十一条 对驳回申请、不予公告的商标,商标局应当书面通知申请人。申请
人不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内申请复审,由商标评审委员会做出终局决定,并
书面通知申请人。
第二十二条 对初步审定、予以公告的商标提出异议的,商标局应当听取异议人
和申请人陈述事实和理由,经调查核实后,做出裁定。当事人不服的,可以在收到通
知十五天内申请复审,由商标评审委员会做出终局裁定,并书面通知异议人和申请人

第四章 注册商标的续展、转让和使用许可
第二十三条 注册商标的有效期为十年,自核准注册之日起计算。
第二十四条 注册商标有效期满,需要继续使用的,应当在期满前六个月内申请
续展注册;在此期间未能提出申请的,可以给予六个月的宽展期。宽展期满仍未提出
申请的,注销其注册商标。
每次续展注册的有效期为十年。
续展注册经核准后,予以公告。
第二十五条 转让注册商标的,转让人和受让人应当共同向商标局提出申请。受
让人应当保证使用该注册商标的商品质量。
转让注册商标经核准后,予以公告。
第二十六条 商标注册人可以通过签订商标使用许可合同,许可他人使用其注册
商标。许可人应当监督被许可人使用其注册商标的商品质量。被许可人应当保证使用
该注册商标的商品质量。
经许可使用他人注册商标的,必须在使用该注册商标的商品上标明被许可人的名
称和商品产地。
商标使用许可合同应当报商标局备案。

第五章 注册商标争议的裁定
第二十七条 已经注册的商标,违反本法第八条规定的,或者是以欺骗手段或者
其他不正当手段取得注册的,由商标局撤销该注册商标;其他单位或者个人可以请求
商标评审委员会裁定撤销该注册商标。
除前款规定的情形外,对已经注册的商标有争议的,可以自该商标经核准注册之
日起一年内,向商标评审委员会申请裁定。
商标评审委员会收到裁定申请后,应当通知有关当事人,并限期提出答辩。
第二十八条 对核准注册前已经提出异议并经裁定的商标,不得再以相同的事实
和理由申请裁定。
第二十九条 商标评审委员会做出维持或者撤销注册商标的终局裁定后,应当书
面通知有关当事人。

第六章 商标使用的管理
第三十条 使用注册商标,有下列行为之一的,由商标局责令限期改正或者撤销
其注册商标:
(1)自行改变注册商标的文字、图形或者其组合的;
(2)自行改变注册商标的注册人名义、地址或者其他注册事项的;
(3)自行转让注册商标的;
(4)连续三年停止使用的。
第三十一条 使用注册商标,其商品粗制滥造,以次充好,欺骗消费者的,由各
级工商行政管理部门分别不同情况,责令限期改正,并可以予以通报或者处以罚款,
或者由商标局撤销其注册商标。
第三十二条 注册商标被撤销的或者期满不再续展的,自撤销或者注销之日起一
年内,商标局对与该商标相同或者近似的商标注册申请,不予核准。
第三十三条 违反本法第五条规定的,由地方工商行政管理部门责令限期申请注
册,可以并处罚款。
第三十四条 使用未注册商标,有下列行为之一的,由地方工商行政管理部门予
以制止,限期改正,并可以予以通报或者处以罚款:
(1)冒充注册商标的;
(2)违反本法第八条规定的;
(3)粗制滥造,以次充好,欺骗消费者的。
第三十五条 对商标局撤销注册商标的决定,当事人不服的,可以在收到通知十
五天内申请复审,由商标评审委员会做出终局决定,并书面通知申请人。
第三十六条 对工商行政管理部门根据本法第三十一条、第三十三条、第三十四
条的规定做出的罚款决定,当事人不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内,向人民法院起
诉;期满不起诉又不履行的,由有关工商行政管理部门申请人民法院强制执行。

第七章 注册商标专用权的保护
第三十七条 注册商标的专用权,以核准注册的商标和核定使用的商品为限。
第三十八条 有下列行为之一的,均属侵犯注册商标专用权:
(1)未经注册商标所有人的许可,在同一种商品或者类似商品上使用与其注册商
标相同或者近似的商标的;
(2)销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品的;
(3)伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标
识的;
(4)给他人的注册商标专用权造成其他损害的。
第三十九条 有本法第三十八条所列侵犯注册商标专用权行为之一的,被侵权人
可以向县级以上工商行政管理部门要求处理,有关工商行政管理部门有权责令侵权人
立即停止侵权行为,赔偿被侵权人的损失,赔偿额为侵权人在侵权期间因侵权所获得
的利润或者被侵权人在被侵权期间因被侵权所受到的损失。侵犯注册商标专用权,未
构成犯罪的,工商行政管理部门可以处以罚款。当事人对工商行政管理部门责令停止
侵权行为、罚款的处理决定不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内,向人民法院起诉;期
满不起诉又不履行的,由有关工商行政管理部门申请人民法院强制执行。
对侵犯注册商标专用权的,被侵权人也可以直接向人民法院起诉。
第四十条 假冒他人注册商标,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追
究刑事责任。
伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识,构
成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。
销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法
追究刑事责任。

第八章 附 则
第四十一条 申请商标注册和办理其他商标事宜的,应当缴纳费用,具体收费标
准另定。
第四十二条 本法的实施细则,由国务院工商行政管理部门制定,报国务院批准
施行。
第四十三条 本法自1983年3月1日起施行。1963年4月10日国务院
公布的《商标管理条例》同时废止;其他有关商标管理的规定,凡与本法抵触的,同
时失效。
本法施行以前已经注册的商标继续有效。
附:全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于修改《中华人民共和国商标法》的决定


全文
第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议审议了国务院关于《中华人民
共和国商标法修正案(草案)》的议案,决定对《中华人民共和国商标法》作如下修
改:

一、第四条修改为三款:
“企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其生产、制造、加工、拣选或者经销的商
品,需要取得商标专用权的,应当向商标局申请商品商标注册。
“企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其提供的服务项目,需要取得商标专用权
的,应当向商标局申请服务商标注册。
“本法有关商品商标的规定,适用于服务商标。”
二、第八条增加一款,作为第二款:“县级以上行政区划的地名或者公众知晓的
外国地名,不得作为商标,但是,地名具有其他含义的除外;已经注册的使用地名的
商标继续有效。”
三、第十二条修改为:“同一申请人在不同类别的商品上使用同一商标的,应当
按商品分类表提出注册申请。”
四、第二十六条增加一款,作为第二款:“经许可使用他人注册商标的,必须在
使用该注册商标的商品上标明被许可人的名称和商品产地。”
五、第二十七条第一款修改为两款:“已经注册的商标,违反本法第八条规定的
,或者是以欺骗手段或者其他不正当手段取得注册的,由商标局撤销该注册商标;其
他单位或者个人可以请求商标评审委员会裁定撤销该注册商标。
“除前款规定的情形外,对已经注册的商标有争议的,可以自该商标经核准注册
之日起一年内,向商标评审委员会申请裁定。”
六、第二十九条修改为:“商标评审委员会做出维持或者撤销注册商标的终局裁
定后,应当书面通知有关当事人。”
七、第三十八条增加一项作为第(2)项:“销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品的
”。
第三十八条第(2)项修改为第(3)项:“伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识
或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识的”。
第三十八条第(3)项相应的作为第(4)项。
八、第三十九条第一款修改为:“有本法第三十八条所列侵犯注册商标专用权行
为之一的,被侵权人可以向县级以上工商行政管理部门要求处理,有关工商行政管理
部门有权责令侵权人立即停止侵权行为,赔偿被侵权人的损失,赔偿额为侵权人在侵
权期间因侵权所获得的利润或者被侵权人在被侵权期间因被侵权所受到的损失。侵犯
注册商标专用权,未构成犯罪的,工商行政管理部门可以处以罚款。当事人对工商行
政管理部门责令停止侵权行为、罚款的处理决定不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内,
向人民法院起诉;期满不起诉又不履行的,由有关工商行政管理部门申请人民法院强
制执行。”
九、第四十条修改为三款:
“假冒他人注册商标,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责
任。
“伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识,
构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。
“销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依
法追究刑事责任。”
本决定自1993年7月1日起施行。
《中华人民共和国商标法》根据本决定作相应的修正,重新公布。
Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China
(Adopted at the 24th Session of the Standing Committee of theSta
nding Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress on August 23,19
82, and amended according to the "Decision on the Revision of the'
Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China'" adopted at the 30th
Session ofthe Standing Committee of the Seventh National People'sC
ongress, on February 22, 1993)

Important Notice: (注意事项)

当发生歧意时, 应以法律法规颁布单位发布的中文原文为准.
In case of discrepancy, the original version in Chinese shall prevail.

Whole Document (法规全文)

Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China
(Adopted at the 24th Session of the Standing Committee of the
Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress on August 23,
1982, and amended according to the "Decision on the Revision of the
'Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China'" adopted at the 30th
Session of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's
Congress, on February 22, 1993)

Chapter I. General Provisions

Article 1.
This Law is enacted for the purposes of improving the administration of
trademarks, protecting the exclusive right to use a trademark, and of
encouraging producers to guarantee the quality of their goods and maintain
the reputation of their trademarks, with a view to protecting consumers'
interests and to promoting the development of socialist commodity economy.
Article 2.
The Trademark Office of the administrative authority for industry and
commerce under the State Council shall be responsible for the registration
and administration of trademarks throughout the country.
Article 3.
A registered trademark means a trademark that has been approved and
registered by the Trademark Office. The trademark registrant shall enjoy
an exclusive right to use the trademark, which shall be protected by law.
Article 4.
Any enterprise, institution, or individual producer or trader, intending
to acquire the exclusive right to use a trademark for the goods produced,
manufactured, processed, selected or marketed by it or him, shall file an
application for the registration of the goods trademark with the Trademark
Office.
Any enterprise, institution, or individual producer or trader, intending
to acquire the exclusive right to use a service mark for the services
provided by it or him, shall file an application for the registration of
the service mark with the Trademark Office. The provisions made in this
Law concerning goods trademarks shall apply to service marks.
Article 5.
As for any of such goods, as prescribed by the State, that must bear a
registered trademark, a trademark registration must be applied for. Where
no trademark registration has been granted, such goods cannot be sold on
the market.
Article 6.
Any user of a trademark shall be responsible for the quality of the goods
in respect of which the trademark is used. The administrative authorities
for industry and commerce at different levels shall, through the
administration of trademarks, exercise supervision over the quality of the
goods and shall stop any practice that deceives consumers.
Article 7.
Any word, device or their combination that is used as a trademark shall be
so distinctive as to be distinguishable. Where a registered trademark is
used, it shall carry the indication of "Registered Trademark" or a sign
indicating that it is registered.

Article 8.
In trademarks, the following words or devices shall not be used:
(1) those identical with or similar to the State name, national flag,
national emblem, military flag, or decorations, of the People's Republic
of China;
(2) those identical with or similar to the State names, national flags,
national emblems or military flags of foreign countries;
(3) those identical with or similar to the flags, emblems or names, of
international intergovernmental organizations;
(4) those identical with or similar to the symbols, or names, of the Red
Cross or the Red Crescent;
(5) those relating to generic names or designs of the goods in respect of
which the trademark is used;
(6) those having direct reference to the quality, main raw materials,
function, use, weight, quantity or other features of the goods in respect
of which the trademark is used;
(7) those having the nature of discrimination against any nationality;
(8) those having the nature of exaggeration and fraud in advertising
goods; and
(9) those detrimental to socialist morals or customs, or having other
unhealthy influences.
The geographical names as the administrative divisions at or above the
county level and the foreign geographical names well-known to the public
shall not be used as trademarks, but such geographical names as have
otherwise meanings shall be exclusive. Where a trademark using any of the
above-mentioned geographical names has been approved and registered, it
shall continue to be valid.
Article 9.
Any foreigner or foreign enterprise intending to apply for the
registration of a trademark in China shall file an application in
accordance with any agreement concluded between the People's Republic of
China and the country to which the applicant belongs, or according to the
international treaty to which both countries are parties, or on the basis
of the principle of reciprocity.
Article 10.
Any foreigner or foreign enterprise intending to apply for the
registration of a trademark or for any other matters concerning a
trademark in China shall entrust any of such organizations as designated
by the State to act as his or its agent.

Chapter II. Application for Trademark Registration

Article 11.
An applicant for the registration of a trademark shall, in a form,
indicate, in accordance with the prescribed classification of goods, the
class of the goods and the designation of the goods in respect of which
the trademark is to be used.
Article 12.
Where any applicant intends to use the same trademark for goods in
different classes, an application for registration shall be filed in
respect of each class of the prescribed classification of goods.
Article 13.
Where a registered trademark is to be used in respect of other goods of
the same class, a new application for registration shall be filed.
Article 14.
Where any word or device of a registered trademark is to be altered, a new
registration shall be applied for.
Article 15.
Where, after the registration of a trademark, the name, address or other
registered matters concerning the registrant change, an application
regarding the change shall be filed.

Chapter III.Examination for and Approval of Trademark Registration

Article 16.
Where a trademark the registration of which has been applied for is in
conformity with the relevant provisions of this Law, the Trademark Office
shall, after examination, preliminarily approve the trademark and publish
it.
Article 17.
Where a trademark the registration of which has been applied for is not in
conformity with the relevant provisions of this Law, or it is identical
with or similar to the trademark of another person that has, in respect of
the same or similar goods, been registered or, after examination,
preliminarily approved, the Trademark Office shall refuse the application
and shall not publish the said trademark.
Article 18.
Where two or more applicants apply for the registration of identical or
similar trademarks for the same or similar goods, the preliminary
approval, after examination, and the publication shall be made for the
trademark which was first filed. Where applications are filed on the same
day, the preliminary approval, after examination, and the publication
shall be made for the trademark which was the earliest used, and the
applications of the others shall be refused and their trademarks shall not
be published.
Article 19.
Any person may, within three months from the date of the publication, file
an opposition against the trademark that has, after examination, been
preliminarily approved. If no opposition has been filed, or if it is
decided that the opposition is not justified, the registration shall be
approved, a certificate of trademark registration shall be issued and the
trademark shall be published. If it is decided that the opposition is
justified, no registration shall be approved.
Article 20.
The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, established under the
administrative authority for industry and commerce under the State
Council, shall be responsible for handling trademark disputes.
Article 21.
Where the application for registration of a trademark is refused and no
publication of the trademark is made, the Trademark Office shall notify
the applicant of the same in writing. Where the applicant is dissatisfied,
he may, within fifteen days from receipt of the notification, apply for a
review. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make a final
decision and notify the applicant in writing.

Article 22.
Where an opposition is filed against the trademark that has, after
examination, been preliminarily approved and published, the Trademark
Office shall hear both the opponent and applicant state facts and grounds
and shall, after investigation and verification, make a decision. Where
any party is dissatisfied, he may, within fifteen days from receipt of the
notification, apply for a review, and the Trademark Review and
Adjudication Board shall make a final decision and notify both the
opponent and applicant in writing.

Chapter IV. Renewal, Assignment and Licensing of RegisteredTra
demarks

Article 23.
The period of validity of a registered trademark shall be ten years,
counted from the date of approval of the registration.
Article 24.
Where the registrant intends to continue to use the registered trademark
beyond the expiration of the period of validity, an application for
renewal of the registration shall be made within six months before the
said expiration. Where no application therefor has been filed within the
said period, a grace period of six months may be allowed. If no
application has been filed at the expiration of the grace period, the
registered trademark shall be cancelled.
The period of validity of each renewal of registration shall be ten years.
Any renewal of registration shall be published after it has been approved.
Article 25.
Where a registered trademark is assigned, both the assignor and assignee
shall jointly file an application with the Trademark Office. The assignee
shall guarantee the quality of the goods in respect of which the
registered trademark is used.
The assignment of a registered trademark shall be published after it has
been approved.
Article 26.
Any trademark registrant may, by signing a trademark license contract,
authorize other persons to use his registered trademark. The licensor
shall supervise the quality of the goods in respect of which the licensee
uses his registered trademark, and the licensee shall guarantee the
quality of the goods in respect of which the registered trademark is used.
Where any party is authorized to use a registered trademark of another
person, the name of the licensee and the origin of the goods must be
indicated on the goods that bear the registered trademark.
The trademark license contract shall be submitted to the Trademark Office
for record.

Chapter V. Adjudication of Disputes Concerning Registered Trad
emarks

Article 27.
Where a registered trademark stands in violation of the provisions of
Article 8 of this Law, or the registration of a trademark was acquired by
fraud or any other unfair means, the Trademark Office shall cancel the
registered trademark in question; and any other organization or individual
may request the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board to make an
adjudication to cancel such a registered trademark.
In addition to those cases as provided for in the preceding paragraph, any
person disputing a registered trademark may, within one year from the date
of approval of the trademark registration, apply to the Trademark Review
and Adjudication Board for adjudication.
The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall, after receipt of the
application for adjudication, notify the interested parties and request
them to respond with arguments within a specified period.
Article 28.
Where a trademark, before its being approved for registration, has been
the object of opposition and decision, no application for adjudication may
be filed based on the same facts and grounds.
Article 29.
After the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board has made a final
adjudication either to maintain or to cancel a registered trademark, it
shall notify the interested parties of the same in writing.

Chapter VI. Administration of the Use of Trademarks

Article 30.
Where any person who uses a registered trademark has committed any of the
following, the Trademark Office shall order him to rectify the situation
within a specified period or even cancel the registered trademark:
(1) Where any word, device or their combination of a registered trademark
is altered unilaterally (that is, without the required registration);
(2) where the name, address or other registered matters concerning the
registrant of a registered trademark are changed unilaterally (that is,
without the required application);
(3) where the registered trademark is assigned unilaterally (that is,
without the required approval); and
(4) where the registered trademark has ceased to be used for three
consecutive years.
Article 31.
Where a registered trademark is used in respect of the goods that have
been roughly or poorly manufactured, or whose superior quality has been
replaced by inferior quality, so that consumers are deceived, the
administrative authorities for industry and commerce at different levels
shall, according to the circumstances, order rectification of the
situation within a specified period, and may, in addition, circulate a
notice of criticism or impose a fine, and the Trademark Office may even
cancel the registered trademark.
Article 32.
Where a registered trademark has been cancelled or has not been renewed at
the expiration, the Trademark Office shall, during one year from the date
of the cancellation or removal thereof, approve no application for the
registration of a trademark that is identical with or similar to the said
trademark.
Article 33.
Where any person violates the provisions of Article 5 of this Law, the
local administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order him
to file an application for the registration within a specified period, and
may, in addition, impose a fine.
Article 34.
Where any person who uses an unregistered trademark has committed any of
the following, the local administrative authority for industry and
commerce shall stop the use of the trademark, order him to rectify the
situation within a specified period, and may, in addition, circulate a
notice of criticism or impose a fine:
(1) where the trademark is falsely represented as registered;
(2) where any provision of Article 8 of this Law is violated; and
(3) where the manufacture is rough or poor, or where superior quality is
replaced by inferior quality, so that consumers are deceived.

Article 35.
Any party dissatisfied with the decision of the Trademark Office to cancel
a registered trademark may, within fifteen days from receipt of the
corresponding notice, apply for a review. The Trademark Review and
Adjudication Board shall make a final decision and notify the applicant in
writing.
Article 36.
Any party dissatisfied with the decision of the administrative authority
for industry and commerce to impose a fine under the provisions of Article
31, Article 33 or Article 34 may, within fifteen days from receipt of the
corresponding notice, institute legal proceedings with the people's court.
If there have been instituted no legal proceedings or made no performance
of the decision at the expiration of the said period, the administrative
authority for industry and commerce may request the people's court for
compulsory execution thereof.

Chapter VII. Protection of the Exclusive Rights to Use Registered T
rademarks

Article 37.
The exclusive right to use a registered trademark is limited to the
trademark which has been approved for registration and to the goods in
respect of which the use of the trademark has been approved.
Article 38.
Any of the following acts shall be an infringement of the exclusive right
to use a registered trademark:
(1) to use a trademark that is identical with or similar to a registered
trademark in respect of the same or similar goods without the
authorization of the proprietor of the registered trademark;
(2) to sell goods that he knows bear a counterfeited registered trademark;
(3) to counterfeit, or to make, without authorization, representations of
a registered trademark of another person, or to sell such representations
of a registered trademark as were counterfeited, or made without
authorization;
(4) to cause, in other respects, prejudice to the exclusive right of
another person to use a registered trademark.
Article 39.
Where any party has committed any of such acts to infringe the exclusive
right to use a registered trademark as provided for in Article 38 of this
Law, the infringee may request the administrative authority for industry
and commerce at or above the county level for actions. The administrative
authority for industry and commerce shall have the power to order the
infringer to immediately stop the infringing act and to compensate the
infringee for the damages suffered by the latter. The amount of
compensation shall be the profit that the infringer has earned through the
infringement during the period of the infringement or the damages that the
infringee has suffered through the infringement during the period of the
infringement. Where the infringement of the exclusive right to use a
registered trademark is not serious enough to constitute a crime, the
administrative authority for industry and commerce may impose a fine.
Where any interested party is dissatisfied with the decision of handling
made by the administrative authority for industry and commerce to order
him to stop the infringing act or to impose a fine, he may, within fifteen
days from receipt of the notice, institute legal proceedings with the
people's court. If there have been instituted no legal proceedings or made
no performance of the decision (to impose a fine) at the expiration of the
said period, the administrative authority for industry and commerce shall
request the people's court for compulsory execution thereof.
Where the exclusive right to use a registered trademark has been
infringed, the infringee may institute legal proceedings directly with the
people's court.

Article 40.
Where any party passes off a registered trademark of another person, and
the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, he shall be prosecuted,
according to law, for his criminal liabilities in addition to his
compensation for the damages suffered by the infringee.
Where any party counterfeits, or makes, without authorization,
representations of a registered trademark of another person, or sells such
representations of a registered trademark as were counterfeited, or made
without authorization, and the case is so serious as to constitute a
crime, he shall be prosecuted, according to law, for his criminal
liabilities in addition to his compensation for the damages suffered by
the infringee.
Where any party sells goods that he knows bear a counterfeited registered
trademark, and the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, he shall
be prosecuted, according to law, for his criminal liabilities in addition
to his compensation for the damages suffered by the infringee.

Chapter VIII. Supplementary Provisions

Article 41.
Any application for a trademark registration and for other matters
concerning a trademark shall be subject to payment of the fee as
prescribed. The schedule of fees shall be prescribed separately.
Article 42.
The Implementing Regulations under this Law shall be drawn up by the
administrative authority for industry and commerce under the State
Council. They shall enter into force after they have been submitted to and
approved by the State Council.
Article 43.
This Law shall enter into force on March 1, 1983. The "Regulations
Governing Trademarks" promulgated by the State Council on April 10, 1963
shall be abrogated on the same date, and any other provisions concerning
trademarks contrary to this Law shall cease to be effective at the same
time.
Trademarks registered before this Law enters into force shall continue to
be valid.【颁布单位】全国人民代表大会常务委员会
【颁布日期】 19930222
【实施日期】 19930301
【内容分类】工业、知识产权法

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


中华人民共和国商标法(修正)
(1982年8月23日第五届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十四次会议通
过 根据1993年2月22日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议《
关于修改<中华人民共和国商标法>的决定》修正)

目 录

第一章 总 则
第二章 商标注册的申请
第三章 商标注册的审查和核准
第四章 注册商标的续展、转让和使用许可
第五章 注册商标争议的裁定
第六章 商标使用的管理
第七章 注册商标专用权的保护
第八章 附 则

第一章 总 则
第一条 为了加强商标管理,保护商标专用权,促使生产者保证商品质量和维护
商标信誉,以保障消费者的利益,促进社会主义商品经济的发展,特制定本法。
第二条 国务院工商行政管理部门商标局主管全国商标注册和管理的工作。
第三条 经商标局核准注册的商标为注册商标,商标注册人享有商标专用权,受
法律保护。
第四条 企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其生产、制造、加工、拣选或者经
销的商品,需要取得商标专用权的,应当向商标局申请商品商标注册。
企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其提供的服务项目,需要取得商标专用权的
,应当向商标局申请服务商标注册。
本法有关商品商标的规定,适用于服务商标。
第五条 国家规定必须使用注册商标的商品,必须申请商标注册,未经核准注册
的,不得在市场销售。
第六条 商标使用人应当对其使用商标的商品质量负责。各级工商行政管理部门
应当通过商标管理,监督商品质量,制止欺骗消费者的行为。
第七条 商标使用的文学、图形或者其组合,应当有显著特征,便于识别。使用
注册商标的,并应当标明“注册商标”或者注册标记。
第八条 商标不得使用下列文字、图形:
(1)同中华人民共和国的国家名称、国旗、国徽、军旗、勋章相同或者近似的;

(2)同外国的国家名称、国旗、国徽、军旗相同或者近似的;
(3)同政府间国际组织的旗帜、徽记、名称相同或者近似的;
(4)同“红十字”、“红新月”的标志、名称相同或者近似的;
(5)本商品的通用名称和图形;
(6)直接表示商品的质量、主要原料、功能、用途、重量、数量及其他特点的

(7)带有民族歧视性的;
(8)夸大宣传并带有欺骗性的;
(9)有害于社会主义道德风尚或者有其他不良影响的。
县级以上行政区划的地名或者公众知晓的外国地名,不得作为商标,但是,地名
具有其他含义的除外;已经注册的使用地名的商标继续有效。
第九条 外国人或者外国企业在中国申请商标注册的,应当按其所属国和中华人
民共和国签订的协议或者共同参加的国际条约办理,或者按对等原则办理。
第十条 外国人或者外国企业在中国申请商标注册和办理其他商标事宜的,应当
委托国家指定的组织代理。

第二章 商标注册的申请
第十一条 申请商标注册的,应当按规定的商品分类表填报使用商标的商品类别
和商品名称。
第十二条 同一申请人在不同类别的商品上使用同一商标的,应当按商品分类表
提出注册申请。
第十三条 注册商标需要在同一类的其他商品上使用的,应当另行提出注册申请

第十四条 注册商标需要改变文字、图形的,应当重新提出注册申请。
第十五条 注册商标需要变更注册人的名义、地址或者其他注册事项的,应当提
出变更申请。

第三章 商标注册的审查和核准
第十六条 申请注册的商标,凡符合本法有关规定的,由商标局初步审定,予以
公告。
第十七条 申请注册的商标,凡不符合本法有关规定或者同他人在同一种商品或
者类似商品上已经注册的或者初步审定的商标相同或者近似的,由商标局驳回申请,
不予公告。
第十八条 两个或者两个以上的申请人,在同一种商品或者类似商品上,以相同
或者近似的商标申请注册的,初步审定并公告申请在先的商标;同一天申请的,初步
审定并公告使用在先的商标,驳回其他人的申请,不予公告。
第十九条 对初步审定的商标,自公告之日起三个月内,任何人均可以提出异议
。无异议或者经裁定异议不能成立的,始予核准注册,发给商标注册证,并予公告;
经裁定异议成立的,不予核准注册。
第二十条 国务院工商行政管理部门设立商标评审委员会,负责处理商标争议事
宜。
第二十一条 对驳回申请、不予公告的商标,商标局应当书面通知申请人。申请
人不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内申请复审,由商标评审委员会做出终局决定,并
书面通知申请人。
第二十二条 对初步审定、予以公告的商标提出异议的,商标局应当听取异议人
和申请人陈述事实和理由,经调查核实后,做出裁定。当事人不服的,可以在收到通
知十五天内申请复审,由商标评审委员会做出终局裁定,并书面通知异议人和申请人

第四章 注册商标的续展、转让和使用许可
第二十三条 注册商标的有效期为十年,自核准注册之日起计算。
第二十四条 注册商标有效期满,需要继续使用的,应当在期满前六个月内申请
续展注册;在此期间未能提出申请的,可以给予六个月的宽展期。宽展期满仍未提出
申请的,注销其注册商标。
每次续展注册的有效期为十年。
续展注册经核准后,予以公告。
第二十五条 转让注册商标的,转让人和受让人应当共同向商标局提出申请。受
让人应当保证使用该注册商标的商品质量。
转让注册商标经核准后,予以公告。
第二十六条 商标注册人可以通过签订商标使用许可合同,许可他人使用其注册
商标。许可人应当监督被许可人使用其注册商标的商品质量。被许可人应当保证使用
该注册商标的商品质量。
经许可使用他人注册商标的,必须在使用该注册商标的商品上标明被许可人的名
称和商品产地。
商标使用许可合同应当报商标局备案。

第五章 注册商标争议的裁定
第二十七条 已经注册的商标,违反本法第八条规定的,或者是以欺骗手段或者
其他不正当手段取得注册的,由商标局撤销该注册商标;其他单位或者个人可以请求
商标评审委员会裁定撤销该注册商标。
除前款规定的情形外,对已经注册的商标有争议的,可以自该商标经核准注册之
日起一年内,向商标评审委员会申请裁定。
商标评审委员会收到裁定申请后,应当通知有关当事人,并限期提出答辩。
第二十八条 对核准注册前已经提出异议并经裁定的商标,不得再以相同的事实
和理由申请裁定。
第二十九条 商标评审委员会做出维持或者撤销注册商标的终局裁定后,应当书
面通知有关当事人。

第六章 商标使用的管理
第三十条 使用注册商标,有下列行为之一的,由商标局责令限期改正或者撤销
其注册商标:
(1)自行改变注册商标的文字、图形或者其组合的;
(2)自行改变注册商标的注册人名义、地址或者其他注册事项的;
(3)自行转让注册商标的;
(4)连续三年停止使用的。
第三十一条 使用注册商标,其商品粗制滥造,以次充好,欺骗消费者的,由各
级工商行政管理部门分别不同情况,责令限期改正,并可以予以通报或者处以罚款,
或者由商标局撤销其注册商标。
第三十二条 注册商标被撤销的或者期满不再续展的,自撤销或者注销之日起一
年内,商标局对与该商标相同或者近似的商标注册申请,不予核准。
第三十三条 违反本法第五条规定的,由地方工商行政管理部门责令限期申请注
册,可以并处罚款。
第三十四条 使用未注册商标,有下列行为之一的,由地方工商行政管理部门予
以制止,限期改正,并可以予以通报或者处以罚款:
(1)冒充注册商标的;
(2)违反本法第八条规定的;
(3)粗制滥造,以次充好,欺骗消费者的。
第三十五条 对商标局撤销注册商标的决定,当事人不服的,可以在收到通知十
五天内申请复审,由商标评审委员会做出终局决定,并书面通知申请人。
第三十六条 对工商行政管理部门根据本法第三十一条、第三十三条、第三十四
条的规定做出的罚款决定,当事人不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内,向人民法院起
诉;期满不起诉又不履行的,由有关工商行政管理部门申请人民法院强制执行。

第七章 注册商标专用权的保护
第三十七条 注册商标的专用权,以核准注册的商标和核定使用的商品为限。
第三十八条 有下列行为之一的,均属侵犯注册商标专用权:
(1)未经注册商标所有人的许可,在同一种商品或者类似商品上使用与其注册商
标相同或者近似的商标的;
(2)销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品的;
(3)伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标
识的;
(4)给他人的注册商标专用权造成其他损害的。
第三十九条 有本法第三十八条所列侵犯注册商标专用权行为之一的,被侵权人
可以向县级以上工商行政管理部门要求处理,有关工商行政管理部门有权责令侵权人
立即停止侵权行为,赔偿被侵权人的损失,赔偿额为侵权人在侵权期间因侵权所获得
的利润或者被侵权人在被侵权期间因被侵权所受到的损失。侵犯注册商标专用权,未
构成犯罪的,工商行政管理部门可以处以罚款。当事人对工商行政管理部门责令停止
侵权行为、罚款的处理决定不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内,向人民法院起诉;期
满不起诉又不履行的,由有关工商行政管理部门申请人民法院强制执行。
对侵犯注册商标专用权的,被侵权人也可以直接向人民法院起诉。
第四十条 假冒他人注册商标,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追
究刑事责任。
伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识,构
成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。
销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法
追究刑事责任。

第八章 附 则
第四十一条 申请商标注册和办理其他商标事宜的,应当缴纳费用,具体收费标
准另定。
第四十二条 本法的实施细则,由国务院工商行政管理部门制定,报国务院批准
施行。
第四十三条 本法自1983年3月1日起施行。1963年4月10日国务院
公布的《商标管理条例》同时废止;其他有关商标管理的规定,凡与本法抵触的,同
时失效。
本法施行以前已经注册的商标继续有效。
附:全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于修改《中华人民共和国商标法》的决定


全文
第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议审议了国务院关于《中华人民
共和国商标法修正案(草案)》的议案,决定对《中华人民共和国商标法》作如下修
改:

一、第四条修改为三款:
“企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其生产、制造、加工、拣选或者经销的商
品,需要取得商标专用权的,应当向商标局申请商品商标注册。
“企业、事业单位和个体工商业者,对其提供的服务项目,需要取得商标专用权
的,应当向商标局申请服务商标注册。
“本法有关商品商标的规定,适用于服务商标。”
二、第八条增加一款,作为第二款:“县级以上行政区划的地名或者公众知晓的
外国地名,不得作为商标,但是,地名具有其他含义的除外;已经注册的使用地名的
商标继续有效。”
三、第十二条修改为:“同一申请人在不同类别的商品上使用同一商标的,应当
按商品分类表提出注册申请。”
四、第二十六条增加一款,作为第二款:“经许可使用他人注册商标的,必须在
使用该注册商标的商品上标明被许可人的名称和商品产地。”
五、第二十七条第一款修改为两款:“已经注册的商标,违反本法第八条规定的
,或者是以欺骗手段或者其他不正当手段取得注册的,由商标局撤销该注册商标;其
他单位或者个人可以请求商标评审委员会裁定撤销该注册商标。
“除前款规定的情形外,对已经注册的商标有争议的,可以自该商标经核准注册
之日起一年内,向商标评审委员会申请裁定。”
六、第二十九条修改为:“商标评审委员会做出维持或者撤销注册商标的终局裁
定后,应当书面通知有关当事人。”
七、第三十八条增加一项作为第(2)项:“销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品的
”。
第三十八条第(2)项修改为第(3)项:“伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识
或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识的”。
第三十八条第(3)项相应的作为第(4)项。
八、第三十九条第一款修改为:“有本法第三十八条所列侵犯注册商标专用权行
为之一的,被侵权人可以向县级以上工商行政管理部门要求处理,有关工商行政管理
部门有权责令侵权人立即停止侵权行为,赔偿被侵权人的损失,赔偿额为侵权人在侵
权期间因侵权所获得的利润或者被侵权人在被侵权期间因被侵权所受到的损失。侵犯
注册商标专用权,未构成犯罪的,工商行政管理部门可以处以罚款。当事人对工商行
政管理部门责令停止侵权行为、罚款的处理决定不服的,可以在收到通知十五天内,
向人民法院起诉;期满不起诉又不履行的,由有关工商行政管理部门申请人民法院强
制执行。”
九、第四十条修改为三款:
“假冒他人注册商标,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责
任。
“伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识,
构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。
“销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依
法追究刑事责任。”
本决定自1993年7月1日起施行。
《中华人民共和国商标法》根据本决定作相应的修正,重新公布。
Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China
(Adopted at the 24th Session of the Standing Committee of theSta
nding Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress on August 23,19
82, and amended according to the "Decision on the Revision of the'
Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China'" adopted at the 30th
Session ofthe Standing Committee of the Seventh National People'sC
ongress, on February 22, 1993)

Important Notice: (注意事项)

当发生歧意时, 应以法律法规颁布单位发布的中文原文为准.
In case of discrepancy, the original version in Chinese shall prevail.

Whole Document (法规全文)

Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China
(Adopted at the 24th Session of the Standing Committee of the
Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress on August 23,
1982, and amended according to the "Decision on the Revision of the
'Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China'" adopted at the 30th
Session of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's
Congress, on February 22, 1993)

Chapter I. General Provisions

Article 1.
This Law is enacted for the purposes of improving the administration of
trademarks, protecting the exclusive right to use a trademark, and of
encouraging producers to guarantee the quality of their goods and maintain
the reputation of their trademarks, with a view to protecting consumers'
interests and to promoting the development of socialist commodity economy.
Article 2.
The Trademark Office of the administrative authority for industry and
commerce under the State Council shall be responsible for the registration
and administration of trademarks throughout the country.
Article 3.
A registered trademark means a trademark that has been approved and
registered by the Trademark Office. The trademark registrant shall enjoy
an exclusive right to use the trademark, which shall be protected by law.
Article 4.
Any enterprise, institution, or individual producer or trader, intending
to acquire the exclusive right to use a trademark for the goods produced,
manufactured, processed, selected or marketed by it or him, shall file an
application for the registration of the goods trademark with the Trademark
Office.
Any enterprise, institution, or individual producer or trader, intending
to acquire the exclusive right to use a service mark for the services
provided by it or him, shall file an application for the registration of
the service mark with the Trademark Office. The provisions made in this
Law concerning goods trademarks shall apply to service marks.
Article 5.
As for any of such goods, as prescribed by the State, that must bear a
registered trademark, a trademark registration must be applied for. Where
no trademark registration has been granted, such goods cannot be sold on
the market.
Article 6.
Any user of a trademark shall be responsible for the quality of the goods
in respect of which the trademark is used. The administrative authorities
for industry and commerce at different levels shall, through the
administration of trademarks, exercise supervision over the quality of the
goods and shall stop any practice that deceives consumers.
Article 7.
Any word, device or their combination that is used as a trademark shall be
so distinctive as to be distinguishable. Where a registered trademark is
used, it shall carry the indication of "Registered Trademark" or a sign
indicating that it is registered.

Article 8.
In trademarks, the following words or devices shall not be used:
(1) those identical with or similar to the State name, national flag,
national emblem, military flag, or decorations, of the People's Republic
of China;
(2) those identical with or similar to the State names, national flags,
national emblems or military flags of foreign countries;
(3) those identical with or similar to the flags, emblems or names, of
international intergovernmental organizations;
(4) those identical with or similar to the symbols, or names, of the Red
Cross or the Red Crescent;
(5) those relating to generic names or designs of the goods in respect of
which the trademark is used;
(6) those having direct reference to the quality, main raw materials,
function, use, weight, quantity or other features of the goods in respect
of which the trademark is used;
(7) those having the nature of discrimination against any nationality;
(8) those having the nature of exaggeration and fraud in advertising
goods; and
(9) those detrimental to socialist morals or customs, or having other
unhealthy influences.
The geographical names as the administrative divisions at or above the
county level and the foreign geographical names well-known to the public
shall not be used as trademarks, but such geographical names as have
otherwise meanings shall be exclusive. Where a trademark using any of the
above-mentioned geographical names has been approved and registered, it
shall continue to be valid.
Article 9.
Any foreigner or foreign enterprise intending to apply for the
registration of a trademark in China shall file an application in
accordance with any agreement concluded between the People's Republic of
China and the country to which the applicant belongs, or according to the
international treaty to which both countries are parties, or on the basis
of the principle of reciprocity.
Article 10.
Any foreigner or foreign enterprise intending to apply for the
registration of a trademark or for any other matters concerning a
trademark in China shall entrust any of such organizations as designated
by the State to act as his or its agent.

Chapter II. Application for Trademark Registration

Article 11.
An applicant for the registration of a trademark shall, in a form,
indicate, in accordance with the prescribed classification of goods, the
class of the goods and the designation of the goods in respect of which
the trademark is to be used.
Article 12.
Where any applicant intends to use the same trademark for goods in
different classes, an application for registration shall be filed in
respect of each class of the prescribed classification of goods.
Article 13.
Where a registered trademark is to be used in respect of other goods of
the same class, a new application for registration shall be filed.
Article 14.
Where any word or device of a registered trademark is to be altered, a new
registration shall be applied for.
Article 15.
Where, after the registration of a trademark, the name, address or other
registered matters concerning the registrant change, an application
regarding the change shall be filed.

Chapter III.Examination for and Approval of Trademark Registration

Article 16.
Where a trademark the registration of which has been applied for is in
conformity with the relevant provisions of this Law, the Trademark Office
shall, after examination, preliminarily approve the trademark and publish
it.
Article 17.
Where a trademark the registration of which has been applied for is not in
conformity with the relevant provisions of this Law, or it is identical
with or similar to the trademark of another person that has, in respect of
the same or similar goods, been registered or, after examination,
preliminarily approved, the Trademark Office shall refuse the application
and shall not publish the said trademark.
Article 18.
Where two or more applicants apply for the registration of identical or
similar trademarks for the same or similar goods, the preliminary
approval, after examination, and the publication shall be made for the
trademark which was first filed. Where applications are filed on the same
day, the preliminary approval, after examination, and the publication
shall be made for the trademark which was the earliest used, and the
applications of the others shall be refused and their trademarks shall not
be published.
Article 19.
Any person may, within three months from the date of the publication, file
an opposition against the trademark that has, after examination, been
preliminarily approved. If no opposition has been filed, or if it is
decided that the opposition is not justified, the registration shall be
approved, a certificate of trademark registration shall be issued and the
trademark shall be published. If it is decided that the opposition is
justified, no registration shall be approved.
Article 20.
The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, established under the
administrative authority for industry and commerce under the State
Council, shall be responsible for handling trademark disputes.
Article 21.
Where the application for registration of a trademark is refused and no
publication of the trademark is made, the Trademark Office shall notify
the applicant of the same in writing. Where the applicant is dissatisfied,
he may, within fifteen days from receipt of the notification, apply for a
review. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make a final
decision and notify the applicant in writing.

Article 22.
Where an opposition is filed against the trademark that has, after
examination, been preliminarily approved and published, the Trademark
Office shall hear both the opponent and applicant state facts and grounds
and shall, after investigation and verification, make a decision. Where
any party is dissatisfied, he may, within fifteen days from receipt of the
notification, apply for a review, and the Trademark Review and
Adjudication Board shall make a final decision and notify both the
opponent and applicant in writing.

Chapter IV. Renewal, Assignment and Licensing of RegisteredTra
demarks

Article 23.
The period of validity of a registered trademark shall be ten years,
counted from the date of approval of the registration.
Article 24.
Where the registrant intends to continue to use the registered trademark
beyond the expiration of the period of validity, an application for
renewal of the registration shall be made within six months before the
said expiration. Where no application therefor has been filed within the
said period, a grace period of six months may be allowed. If no
application has been filed at the expiration of the grace period, the
registered trademark shall be cancelled.
The period of validity of each renewal of registration shall be ten years.
Any renewal of registration shall be published after it has been approved.
Article 25.
Where a registered trademark is assigned, both the assignor and assignee
shall jointly file an application with the Trademark Office. The assignee
shall guarantee the quality of the goods in respect of which the
registered trademark is used.
The assignment of a registered trademark shall be published after it has
been approved.
Article 26.
Any trademark registrant may, by signing a trademark license contract,
authorize other persons to use his registered trademark. The licensor
shall supervise the quality of the goods in respect of which the licensee
uses his registered trademark, and the licensee shall guarantee the
quality of the goods in respect of which the registered trademark is used.
Where any party is authorized to use a registered trademark of another
person, the name of the licensee and the origin of the goods must be
indicated on the goods that bear the registered trademark.
The trademark license contract shall be submitted to the Trademark Office
for record.

Chapter V. Adjudication of Disputes Concerning Registered Trad
emarks

Article 27.
Where a registered trademark stands in violation of the provisions of
Article 8 of this Law, or the registration of a trademark was acquired by
fraud or any other unfair means, the Trademark Office shall cancel the
registered trademark in question; and any other organization or individual
may request the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board to make an
adjudication to cancel such a registered trademark.
In addition to those cases as provided for in the preceding paragraph, any
person disputing a registered trademark may, within one year from the date
of approval of the trademark registration, apply to the Trademark Review
and Adjudication Board for adjudication.
The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall, after receipt of the
application for adjudication, notify the interested parties and request
them to respond with arguments within a specified period.
Article 28.
Where a trademark, before its being approved for registration, has been
the object of opposition and decision, no application for adjudication may
be filed based on the same facts and grounds.
Article 29.
After the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board has made a final
adjudication either to maintain or to cancel a registered trademark, it
shall notify the interested parties of the same in writing.

Chapter VI. Administration of the Use of Trademarks

Article 30.
Where any person who uses a registered trademark has committed any of the
following, the Trademark Office shall order him to rectify the situation
within a specified period or even cancel the registered trademark:
(1) Where any word, device or their combination of a registered trademark
is altered unilaterally (that is, without the required registration);
(2) where the name, address or other registered matters concerning the
registrant of a registered trademark are changed unilaterally (that is,
without the required application);
(3) where the registered trademark is assigned unilaterally (that is,
without the required approval); and
(4) where the registered trademark has ceased to be used for three
consecutive years.
Article 31.
Where a registered trademark is used in respect of the goods that have
been roughly or poorly manufactured, or whose superior quality has been
replaced by inferior quality, so that consumers are deceived, the
administrative authorities for industry and commerce at different levels
shall, according to the circumstances, order rectification of the
situation within a specified period, and may, in addition, circulate a
notice of criticism or impose a fine, and the Trademark Office may even
cancel the registered trademark.
Article 32.
Where a registered trademark has been cancelled or has not been renewed at
the expiration, the Trademark Office shall, during one year from the date
of the cancellation or removal thereof, approve no application for the
registration of a trademark that is identical with or similar to the said
trademark.
Article 33.
Where any person violates the provisions of Article 5 of this Law, the
local administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order him
to file an application for the registration within a specified period, and
may, in addition, impose a fine.
Article 34.
Where any person who uses an unregistered trademark has committed any of
the following, the local administrative authority for industry and
commerce shall stop the use of the trademark, order him to rectify the
situation within a specified period, and may, in addition, circulate a
notice of criticism or impose a fine:
(1) where the trademark is falsely represented as registered;
(2) where any provision of Article 8 of this Law is violated; and
(3) where the manufacture is rough or poor, or where superior quality is
replaced by inferior quality, so that consumers are deceived.

Article 35.
Any party dissatisfied with the decision of the Trademark Office to cancel
a registered trademark may, within fifteen days from receipt of the
corresponding notice, apply for a review. The Trademark Review and
Adjudication Board shall make a final decision and notify the applicant in
writing.
Article 36.
Any party dissatisfied with the decision of the administrative authority
for industry and commerce to impose a fine under the provisions of Article
31, Article 33 or Article 34 may, within fifteen days from receipt of the
corresponding notice, institute legal proceedings with the people's court.
If there have been instituted no legal proceedings or made no performance
of the decision at the expiration of the said period, the administrative
authority for industry and commerce may request the people's court for
compulsory execution thereof.

Chapter VII. Protection of the Exclusive Rights to Use Registered T
rademarks

Article 37.
The exclusive right to use a registered trademark is limited to the
trademark which has been approved for registration and to the goods in
respect of which the use of the trademark has been approved.
Article 38.
Any of the following acts shall be an infringement of the exclusive right
to use a registered trademark:
(1) to use a trademark that is identical with or similar to a registered
trademark in respect of the same or similar goods without the
authorization of the proprietor of the registered trademark;
(2) to sell goods that he knows bear a counterfeited registered trademark;
(3) to counterfeit, or to make, without authorization, representations of
a registered trademark of another person, or to sell such representations
of a registered trademark as were counterfeited, or made without
authorization;
(4) to cause, in other respects, prejudice to the exclusive right of
another person to use a registered trademark.
Article 39.
Where any party has committed any of such acts to infringe the exclusive
right to use a registered trademark as provided for in Article 38 of this
Law, the infringee may request the administrative authority for industry
and commerce at or above the county level for actions. The administrative
authority for industry and commerce shall have the power to order the
infringer to immediately stop the infringing act and to compensate the
infringee for the damages suffered by the latter. The amount of
compensation shall be the profit that the infringer has earned through the
infringement during the period of the infringement or the damages that the
infringee has suffered through the infringement during the period of the
infringement. Where the infringement of the exclusive right to use a
registered trademark is not serious enough to constitute a crime, the
administrative authority for industry and commerce may impose a fine.
Where any interested party is dissatisfied with the decision of handling
made by the administrative authority for industry and commerce to order
him to stop the infringing act or to impose a fine, he may, within fifteen
days from receipt of the notice, institute legal proceedings with the
people's court. If there have been instituted no legal proceedings or made
no performance of the decision (to impose a fine) at the expiration of the
said period, the administrative authority for industry and commerce shall
request the people's court for compulsory execution thereof.
Where the exclusive right to use a registered trademark has been
infringed, the infringee may institute legal proceedings directly with the
people's court.

Article 40.
Where any party passes off a registered trademark of another person, and
the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, he shall be prosecuted,
according to law, for his criminal liabilities in addition to his
compensation for the damages suffered by the infringee.
Where any party counterfeits, or makes, without authorization,
representations of a registered trademark of another person, or sells such
representations of a registered trademark as were counterfeited, or made
without authorization, and the case is so serious as to constitute a
crime, he shall be prosecuted, according to law, for his criminal
liabilities in addition to his compensation for the damages suffered by
the infringee.
Where any party sells goods that he knows bear a counterfeited registered
trademark, and the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, he shall
be prosecuted, according to law, for his criminal liabilities in addition
to his compensation for the damages suffered by the infringee.

Chapter VIII. Supplementary Provisions

Article 41.
Any application for a trademark registration and for other matters
concerning a trademark shall be subject to payment of the fee as
prescribed. The schedule of fees shall be prescribed separately.
Article 42.
The Implementing Regulations under this Law shall be drawn up by the
administrative authority for industry and commerce under the State
Council. They shall enter into force after they have been submitted to and
approved by the State Council.
Article 43.
This Law shall enter into force on March 1, 1983. The "Regulations
Governing Trademarks" promulgated by the State Council on April 10, 1963
shall be abrogated on the same date, and any other provisions concerning
trademarks contrary to this Law shall cease to be effective at the same
time.
Trademarks registered before this Law enters into force shall continue to
be valid.


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